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PHP MySQL Create Database

A database consists of one or more tables. The CREATE DATABASE statement is used to create a database in MySQL.

It Is very easy to create a new MySQL database. You will need special CREATE privileges to create or to delete a MySQL database.

Example – MySQLi Procedural

The following examples create a database named “myDB”.

<?php
$servername = "localhost";
$username = "username";
$password = "password";

// Create connection
$conn = mysqli_connect($servername, $username, $password);
// Check connection
if (!$conn) {
  die("Connection failed: " . mysqli_connect_error());
}

// Create database
$sql = "CREATE DATABASE myDB";
if (mysqli_query($conn, $sql)) {
  echo "Database created successfully";
} else {
  echo "Error creating database: " . mysqli_error($conn);
}

mysqli_close($conn);
?>

PHP uses mysqli_query function to create a MySQL database. This function takes two parameters and returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure.

mysqli_query Syntax

bool mysqli_query(connection, query)
  • query: Required – SQL query to create a database.

Example – MySQLi Object-oriented

<?php
$servername = "localhost";
$username = "username";
$password = "password";

// Create connection
$conn = new mysqli($servername, $username, $password);
// Check connection
if ($conn->connect_error) {
  die("Connection failed: " . $conn->connect_error);
}

// Create database
$sql = "CREATE DATABASE myDB";
if ($conn->query($sql) === TRUE) {
  echo "Database created successfully";
} else {
  echo "Error creating database: " . $conn->error;
}

$conn->close();
?>

Example – PDO

<?php
$servername = "localhost";
$username = "username";
$password = "password";

try {
  $conn = new PDO("mysql:host=$servername", $username, $password);
  // set the PDO error mode to exception
  $conn->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
  $sql = "CREATE DATABASE myDBPDO";
  // use exec() because no results are returned
  $conn->exec($sql);
  echo "Database created successfully<br>";
} catch(PDOException $e) {
  echo $sql . "<br>" . $e->getMessage();
}

$conn = null;
?>