Java is an Object-Oriented programming language developed by James Gosling in the early 1990s.
James Gosling, Mike Sheridan, and Patrick Naughton(Green Team) initiated the Java language project in June 1991.
Initially, it was called “Greentalk” by James Gosling, and the file extension was .gt. After sometime, it was called Oak and was developed as a part of the Green project.
Why Java was named as “Oak”?
Oak is a symbol of strength and chosen as a national tree of many countries like the U.S.A., France, Germany, Romania etc.
In 1995, Oak was renamed as “Java” because it was already a trademark by Oak Technologies.
Why Java Programming named “Java”?
Java is an island in Indonesia where the first coffee was produced (called Java coffee).
Java name was chosen by James Gosling while having a cup of coffee nearby his office.
Notice that Java is just a name, not an acronym. There is no full form of Java.
Initially Java was developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems and released in 1995.
Sun Microsystems is a subsidiary of Oracle Corporation.
Java was created on the principles like Robust, Portable, Platform Independent, High Performance, Multithread, etc.
In 1995, Time magazine called Java one of the Ten Best Products of 1995.
Sun Microsystems released the first public implementation as Java 1.0 in 1996.
Java works on different platforms (Windows, Mac, Linux, Raspberry Pi, etc.)